The Mahabharata says that the Sarasvati River dried up in a desert (at a place named Vinasana or Adarsana).. Details. 1. With the rivers drying out as a result, the civilisation diminished some 4000 years ago. India has the following drainage patterns: The Antecedent or Inconsequent Drainage: The Kosi flows through the Tarai region of Nepal. ", Mughal, summing up the evidence, concludes that during the Bronze Age the Ghaggar-Hakra sometimes carried more, sometimes less water. Lokpavni, Shimsa, Arkavati, Rohtang Course by
Geochemical constraints", "Early city-states in south Asia: Comparing the Harappan phase and the Early Historic period", "U-Pb zircon dating evidence for a Pleistocene Sarasvati River and capture of the Yamuna River", The rivers Sarasvati: Reconciling the sacred texts, "On the identity and chronology of the Ṛgvedic river Sarasvatī", "Fluvial landscapes of the Harappan civilization", "The River Saraswati was a Himalayan-born river", "Autochthonous Aryans? Exam Paper, IES The Ganga is called the Bhagirathi above Devprayag and below this town, the Ganga. tributaries and the main stream is known as rectangular drainage. It flows southwards till Agra and moves south-east till it merges with the Ganga at Allahabad. Results, JEE Main Exam PSC Syllabus, HPSC Kishore - Nice IAS, Aditya Tiwari - This is an inland drainage which rises in the talus fan of the Shiwaliks of Sirrnur near Ambala Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), UPSC Civil Services Main Exam Solved Paper (2001-2019), Master Strategy: How to Clear UPSC IAS Exam in 1 Year, (Free) General Knowledge 2021 - Arihant Publication, SHORT NOTES POLITY & CONSTITUTION: GENERAL KNOWLEDGE INDIA FOR ALL COMPETITIVE EXAMS, SHORT NOTES GEOGRAPHY: GENERAL KNOWLEDGE FOR ALL COMPETITIVE EXAMS, UPSC History Question Bank 2000+ MCQs for IAS Prelims and Other Exams, (Free PDF)Current Affairs (सामयिकी) अक्टूबर 2020 Hindi: सिविल सेवा परीक्षा के लिए उपयोगी, Political and Administrative System of Rajasthan, Indian Constitution Political System Governance, UPSC Prelims 2020 Subject Wise Current Affairs Important Topics, Current Affairs 2020 Question Bank July 2019 to August 2020, 600+ Current Affairs MCQs for UPSC Prelims 2020, India 2021: Current Affairs Yearly For UPSC PSC, (Free) India Yearbook 2020-21 Vol-2 for Civil Services Examination, Target PT 2020 in 100 days: UPSC Prelims: day 71-90 MCQs, Target PT 2020 in 100 days: UPSC Prelims: day 61-70 MCQs, Target PT 2020 in 100 days: UPSC Prelims: day 46-60 MCQs, © 2020 GRASP IAS - An Institute for Civil Services, Semi-Arid Transitional Plain or Rajasthan Bagar, Aravalli Range & Hilly Region: Geography of Rajasthan, Climate and Climatic Regions of Rajasthan: Geography of Rajasthan, Geography of Rajasthan Study Notes Free download, Gupta Period: Ancient History of Rajasthan, Mahajanapadas of Rajasthan: Ancient History of Rajasthan, Mauryan Period: Ancient History of Rajasthan, Rajasthan History Coaching Notes Free PDF, RAS Mains Exam GS Paper-1 Complete Study Notes, Sandy Arid Plains and the Semi-Arid Transitional Plain, Soil and Classification of soil in Rajasthan, Southeastern Rajasthan Pathar or Hadoti Plateau, Temperature variation in Rajasthan: Geography of Rajasthan, Mountains, Peaks and Aravalli Ranges- Geography of Rajasthan. Because most of the Indus Valley sites known so far are actually located on the Ghaggar-Hakra river and its tributaries and not on the Indus river, some Indian archaeologists, such as S.P. in humus content and productive. It rises from Gomat Tall in the Pilibhit district of Uttar Pradesh. as the Pre-Cambrian Period. . tributaries: Chandra and Bhaga, Source Painted Grey Ware sites (c. 1000–600 BCE) have been found at former IVC-sites at the middle and upper Ghaggar-Hakra channel, and have also been found in the bed and not on the banks of the Ghaggar-Hakra river, which suggests that river was certainly dried up by this period.
Enters Bangladesh and is The abandonment of this older course by the Sutlej started 15,000 years ago, and was complete by 8,000 years ago. The older one described in the family books of the Rigveda, which he calls Naditama Sarasvati, drains into a samudra. Burhnar, Tawa, Kundi, Herangi, Hernavati,
3. Below Kota, it flows in the north-east direction till Pinahat. It tends to develop on the flanks of a dome or a volcanic cone. (2017) show that the paleochannel of the Ghaggar-Hakra is a former course of the Sutlej, which diverted to its present course between 15,000 and 8,000 years ago, well before the development of the Harappan civilisation.  In response, Sinha et al. Books, UPSC When the Vedic people moved east into Punjab, they named the new rivers they encountered after the old rivers they knew from Helmand.
 Ajit Singh et al. [note 8], Anthropologists Gregory Possehl (1942–2011), J. M. Kenoyer, and professional archaeological writer, Jane McIntosh, have suggested that many religious and literary invocations to Sarasvati in the Rig Veda were to a real Himalayan river, whose waters, on account of seismic events, were diverted, leaving only a seasonal river, the Ghaggar-Hakra, in the original river bed.
Most sites of the Mature Harappan Civilisation (aka Indus Valley Civilisation) (2600-1900 BCE) are actually found along the (dried-out) bed of the Ghaggar-Hakkar, while the Late Harappan Civilisation was centered on the upper Ghaggar-Hakkar and the lower Indus.
Later Vedic texts record the river as disappearing at Vinasana (literally, "the disappearing") or Upamajjana, and in post-Vedic texts as joining both the Yamuna and Ganges as an invisible river at Prayaga (Allahabad). Optional & Test Series by MitraPal, Geography Writing Practice for UPSC Mains, IAS Toppers Pattern and Syllabus, TNPSC The Sarasvati is often mentioned in the Rig Veda, which describes it as a mighty river located between the Indus and the Ganges, while later Vedic texts describe it as disappearing in the desert. It joins the Ganga at Chhapra. Several times, but not continuously, it carried the water of the Sutlej and Ghaggar during the Bronze Age period. Admit Card, SSC Thus, drainage pattern refers to a design which a river and Because of the havoc created and the floods, the Kosi is termed as Bihar's "River of Sorrow". Gupta, have proposed to use the term "Indus Sarasvati Civilization" to refer to the Harappan culture which is named, as is common in archaeology, after the first place where the culture was discovered. Originates as
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